Geographic information systems or GIS are computer and software tools that capture, store, analyse and display data that are in some way referenced to locations on the earth. GIS can use any type of data that includes location. The location can be in any of the different forms like latitude, longitude, address, or ZIP code.
GIS is an emerging technology that helps users understand spatial patterns, relationships, and geographic context. GIS technology, therefore, is a critical part of spatial data infrastructure. Industries and governmental bodies utilise GIS tools to achieve excellence for different purposes.
How Does GIS Involve In The Fulfilment Of Governmental Responsibilities?
The banking and financial sector uses GIS as a multi-layered source of information about current economic conditions. All kinds of government agencies, investors and economic development professionals, use GIS to extract valuable financial information that leads to the right decisions that might be missed if traditional methods were used instead. GIS tools assist to maintain the highest efficiency and effectiveness of sales and marketing, regulatory compliance, business continuity planning and service location and site evaluation.
Health and Human Services
The use of geospatial data enables efficient routing of trash pickup, leaf collection, snow ploughing, mail delivery, etc and therefore reduces costs. GIS has the possibility to allow fast route changes, real-time adjustments, and manage timely deliveries, arrival times and other transportation. A customised GIS would even possess more possibilities like the provision of fuel station information and weather information, accurate measurement of road mileage, and adaptation of routes to optimise travel.